Abuses of the Foot & hints upon shoe making

J.C Plumer M.D, 1862

"So long as boots and shoes are fashioned upon blocks of wood having no features in common with those of the foot, they must, as a matter of course, produce distortions upon the feet of the wearer.

If " the cut of a shoe is not, as the cut of a coat, a matter of indifference,” most certainly the form of the last should not be a subject of fashionable change, especially in its important quantise".